The Effects of Drug Overdose in Athletes

With the rise of drug abuse in society today, drug overdoses are likely to happen. Below we discuss some of the things to know about drug abuse.

Drug overdose is among the leading causes of death among young adults.

Most of these may have been preventable if people around knew how to deal with it and how to give first aid to them through taking first aid and CPR classes online or traditional classes.

A drug is anything that alters a person’s body whether physically or psychologically. Drug overdose is a case whereby a lot of drugs is ingested by a person and overwhelms their bodies.

You need to take classes on first aid and CPR classes online in order to have knowledge on what to do if a loved one is under medical stress like overdosing.

Causes of Drug Overdose

It is caused by injection, ingestion or inhalation of any drug in higher doses than recommended.

Signs and Symptoms of Drug Overdose

Symptoms of drug overdose vary depending on the type of drug consumed and how much of it has been taken.

Some general signs and symptoms include:

 Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea
 Loss of coordination and balance
 Confusion
 Seizures
 Severe drowsiness
 Aggressive behavior and delusion
 Breathing difficulty
 Excessive sweating

Different substances affect the body in different ways. This means different drugs that cause an overdose to present themselves in different ways.

Below we discuss signs and symptoms of various drug overdoses.

Signs and Symptoms of Opioid Overdose

Opioids are prescribed medication or illegal drugs.

Among the signs of opioid overdose are:
 Deliriousness and confusion
 Issues with breathing or a completely stopped heart
 Reduced pupil size
 Unresponsiveness to stimuli and drowsiness
 Cold lips and skin
 Weak pulse caused by low blood pressure

Signs of Overdose on Stimulants

Stimulants are any drugs that cause alertness and energy to heighten. Stimulants may be legal or illegal.

Signs of overdose on stimulants include:
 Disorientation and confusion
 Paranoia
 Agitation caused by anxiety
 Chest and head pain
 Tremors, seizures and jerking limbs
 Loss of consciousness
 Elevated body temperatures
 Fast pulse

Signs of Alcohol Overdose

Alcohol is among the top abused drugs. Alcohol poisoning causes a high number of deaths especially when taken with suppressants.

Some of the signs of alcohol poisoning are:

 Loss of coordination and consciousness
 Seizures
 Vomiting
 Slow breathing
 Low temperatures of the body
 Pale skin

Alcohol poisoning can cause a person to fall into a coma or die.

Public Training on CPR for Overdose Cases

There is an ongoing drug crisis around the world that has prompted training to be encouraged everywhere.

The people most encouraged to train on the care of overdose victims are:
 Those around people who take prescription drugs that contain opioids
 First responders to emergency calls
 Law enforcement
 The medical staff of narcotic rehabilitation centers
 Organizations in high-risk areas for opioid abuse

First Aid for Overdose Victims

The first step you need to take is to call the emergency service and ask for assistance.

Stay safe as you do the following:
 Check the breathing and heart rate of the patient
 Try getting a response from the person to check their alertness and keep them awake and
 If the person gets agitated, ask for the police to help
 If they happen to be unconscious, turn them on their side to avoid them choking on their
 Find out the drug they used if possible and have it on hand for when the emergency
service arrives.
 Expose the skin or cover them up depending on their temperature.

CPR is crucial in case the person stops breathing entirely.

When dealing with a case of overdose:
 Do not induce vomiting
 Do not leave the person alone unless extremely necessary
 Do not argue with the person who has overdosed as their judgment is impaired
 Do not feed the person
 Do not let the person pass out. Try keeping them engaged

Treatment of Drug Abuse

Medical providers normally find out the kind of drug that was taken and whether any internal organs were affected.

As soon as they figure out the type of drug it is they can start up on

This is by:
 Administering fluids
 Administering an antidote
 Activated charcoal is put into the system to prevent the drugs from getting into the
system and a cathartic to remove it from the system
 Use of an artificial respirator if the patient is in respiratory distress
 Sedatives to calm aggressive patients
 Serious symptoms are managed medically
Prevent drug overdose by:
 Keeping the medicine away from children.
 Monitor the drug intake for people with mental health issues like depression
 Inform your doctor of medication you are taking whenever you get a new prescription
 Do not take more doses of medicine if the current one is not working
 Seek help if you feel your loved one is getting addicted